James is a Chartered Engineer who started getting involved in technical theatre at school. He graduated as a mechanical engineer specialising in instrumentation and also joined the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers(V). He subsequently worked at the Belgrade in Coventry, Thorndike in Leatherhead and others before going to work for a London based lighting and sound rental company as hire manager. From there he joined the respected design partnership of Wynne Willson Gottelier and was involved in the early development of the Catalyst (High End Systems), Razorhead (U2 Popmart tour), Splodascope (Pink Floyd/Roger Waters) amongst other installations and tours. After going freelance he worked on many events around the world and has project engineered PAVA systems on several high-profile national projects. He was the formative technical editor of Lighting&Sound International and developed the technical content of the magazine over a 10 year tenure. He also chairs the annual industry innovation awards panel at the PLASA show and also represents several trade associations on various British Standards committees including those responsible for BS 7909 and BS 7671 amongst others. He currently is Chairman of the Electrotechical Assessment Scheme sub-committee for Entertainment; the BSI committee responsible for BS 7909 and the IET Integrated Systems CoP committee. His work on standards and related committees is such that he is well placed to give concise and accurate guidance. Coupled with his industry experience, it is practical and pragmatic too.